Monday, September 8, 2014

Galatians 4:21-31 1st Century National Apostate Israel is likened to Hagar in slavery to the law

Galatians 4:21-31 1st Century National Apostate Israel is likened to Hagar in slavery to the law

February 1, 2014 at 11:58am


1st Century National Apostate Israel is likened to Hagar in slavery to the law

Notes on Galatians 4:21-31


21 Tell me, you who desire to be under the law, do you not listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons,
one by a slave woman [Hagar]
and one by a free woman.  [Sarah]
23 But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, [Ishmael]
while the son of the free woman was born through promise.  [Isaac]
24 Now this may be interpreted allegorically: these women are two covenants. [Old& New]
One is from Mount Sinai, bearing children for slavery; she is Hagar. 25 Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; [The Law, death]
she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, [1st century Apostate Jews who persecute Christians]
for she is in slavery with her children.  [she, present Jerusalem 1st century, is in slavery to death by the law]

26 But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.   [Christians born from above; born of God]
27 For it is written,“Rejoice, O barren one who does not bear; break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor!  For the children of the desolate one will be more than those of the one who has a husband.” [The Gospel is the means in the NT by which the people of God increase in number and not by childbearing like in the OT.]

28 Now you, brothers, [The Galatian Christians]
like Isaac, are children of promise. [The Church, the called out ones]
29 But just as at that time  [The time of Ishmael and Isaac]
he who was born according to the flesh [Ishmael]
persecuted
him who was born according to the Spirit, [Isaac]
so also it is now. [1st century apostate Jews are persecuting the church]
30 But what does the Scripture say?
“Cast out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman shall not inherit  [Old Covenant/ Judaism is cast out.  The kingdom is taken away from them and given to the True Israel of God, The Church   Matthew 21:43]
with the son of the free woman.” [The Israel from above/ The Church]
31 So, brothers, we are not children of the slave [Old Covenant Judaism]
but of the free woman. [The Church, Faith, Promise, Gospel]

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